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Babylonian Assyrian Bronze Horse Amulet BC1200 $399.99 - SOLD

Exquisite Babylonian/Assyrian Bronze Horse Amulet.

CLASSIFICATION: Cast Bronze Amulet.

ATTRIBUTION: Ancient Sumeria Tigris-Euphrates Region, Approximately 1,200 (13th-12th Century) B.C.


Length: 50 millimeters.

Height: 34 millimeters.

Thickness: 11 millimeters.

Weight: 23.38 grams.

CONDITION: Exceptional! Completely intact. No significant porosity (surface pitting caused by contact with earth while buried). Professionally conserved.

DETAIL: This is genuine, ancient Babylonian bronze horse amulet. The amulet was uncovered in an excavation dated to the 12th or 13th century B.C. It is likely that the amulets origin was elsewhere in Sumeria (Asia Minor), perhaps the area of present-day Syria. The merchants of Babylonia's Jewelry Mart traded wide and far, and this little amulet seems to have been incoming trade goods. Further, the Assyrians had conquered the Babylonians at about this moment in history. The Assyrians controlled an enormous empire stretching from Persia to Egypt.

Of course, the horse was an extremely significant military asset to the ancient civilizations of Asia Minor and the Middle East. The horseman of the Persian Immortals and the Assyrian Cavalry were greatly feared in the ancient world, a potent military force. There’s a great stone bas relief image of an ancient Assyrian cavalryman here). Ancient Babylonians made full use of the animal, and it was on the steppes of Eurasia in the Middle East that horses were first domesticated around 4,000 B.C.

The amulet stands on its own with great stability. There is very light porosity evidenced – fine surface pitting the consequence of burial for several millennia. But certainly the extent of the porosity is no more than one would reasonably expect given the age of the artifact – and really is only noticed in photo enlargements such as these here. In hand the porosity is not discerned by casual examination with the unaided eye. The construction is quite substantial, much sturdier than its delicate appearance suggests. It possesses the beautiful dark tone of ancient bronze. So that it may be worn, a bronze tone chain is included upon request. Although constructed of copper, once worn it would rapidly darken to match the amulet. Or you may substitute a chain electroplated in sterling silver or 14kt gold. As well, if you prefer, we have available sterling silver and 14kt gold chains.

HISTORY: The oldest known communities in Mesopotamia are thought to date from 9,000 B.C., and include the ancient city of Babylon. Several civilizations flourished in the fertile area created as the Tigris and Euphrates rivers flow south out of Turkey. The river valleys and plains of Mesopotamia, often referred to as the “fertile crescent”, lay between the two rivers, which are about 250 miles apart from one another. The ancient Sumerians and Babylonians were inhabitants of Mesopotamia, located in a region that included parts of what is now eastern Syria, southeastern Turkey, and most of Iraq, lay between two rivers, the Tigris and the Euphrates.

According to the Bible, Abraham came from this area. The area is commonly referred to as "the fertile crescent" by historians and archaeologists. By 4,000 B.C. large cities had grown up in the region. Considered one of the cradles of civilization, the region is referred to frequently in The Bible, and is mentioned as the birthplace of Abraham. The region produced the first written records, as well as the wheel. The region was conquered by the Akkadians in the 24th century B.C. who ruled for about two centuries. The ancient city of Ur controlled the region for the next two centuries until about 2,000 B.C. Mesopotamia was not again united until about 1750 B.C., then the Kingdom of Babylon arose and reigned supreme in the area for about one and one-half centuries.

The Babylonians in turn were conquered by Hittites from Turkey in about 1595 B.C. The longest control of the area was by the ancient Assyrians, who ruled the area from about 1350 B.C. through about 600 B.C. After a brief interlude of chaos, the Persians conquered the area and held it for three centuries until Persian and all of its territories were conquered by Alexander the Great in the last 4th century B.C. However the Greeks only held the region for about one century, before it again fell to the Persians. The Persians and Romans wrestled over the area for a number of centuries. Finally in the 7th century A.D. the area of Mesopotamia fell to the Islamic Empire.

The antiquities offered were originally part of a collection accumulated throughout most of the twentieth century. The Roman artifacts were found principally in Romania (literally "land of the Romans"), Bulgaria, and Syria. The Sumerian artifacts were unearthed in both Turkey and Syria, which along with Iraq and Iran constituted the majority of the sites of the ancient Sumerian civilizations. The Egyptian antiquities were part of a collection amassed in the mid-1960's, at the height of Soviet influence in Egypt. As well, additional specimens are occasionally acquired from other institutions and dealers in Eastern Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean.

SHIPPING: These antiquities come from a number of collections which by and large originated here in Eastern Europe. As well, additional specimens are occasionally acquired from other institutions and dealers, principally in Eastern Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean. All of these artifacts are now in the United States and are available for immediate delivery via U.S. Mail. All purchases are backed by an unlimited guarantee of satisfaction and authenticity. If for any reason you are not entirely satisfied with your purchase, you may return it for a complete and immediate refund of your entire purchase price. A certificate of authenticity (COA) is available upon request.

Our order fulfillment center near Seattle, Washington will ship your purchase within one business day of receipt of your personal check or money order. If you wish to pay electronically, we accept both PayPal and BidPay. However we ask that you PLEASE WAIT before remitting until we have mutually agreed upon method of shipment and shipping charges and you understand our PayPal limitations and policies (stated here). We will ship within one business day of our receipt of your electronic remittance.

A certificate of authenticity (COA) is available upon request. We prefer your personal check or money order over any other form of payment - and we will ship immediately upon receipt of your check (no "holds"). Please see our "ADDITIONAL TERMS OF SALE."