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Ancient Egypt Turquoise Faience Earrings BC 600 $49.99 - SOLD

Splendid, Delicate 2,500 Year Old Ancient Egyptian Turquoise Blue-Green Faience Tube Beads on 14kt Gold Fill French Hook Earrings.

CLASSIFICATION: Two primitive ancient Egyptian silica ceramic/glass (“faience”) tube beads. Four primitive silica disc beads. Contemporary 14kt gold fill french hooks and straight pins. Sterling silver available if preferred. Also available in solid 14kt gold.

ATTRIBUTION: Ancient Egypt, 26th Dynasty, about 7th century B.C.

SIZE: Faience tube beads are about 17 millimeters in length, and about 3 millimeters (1/8th inch) in diameter. Disc beads are about 4 millimeters in diameter, about 2 millimeters in thickness.

CONDITION: Excellent. Unbroken beads relatively intact, faience turquoise color well preserved.

DETAIL: A pair of earrings necklace composed of blue-green tubular “mummybeads” constructed of faience, a primitive silica ceramic, and constructed of sterling silver french hooks and straight pins. Along with the faience tube beads are disk-shaped silica beads used as accents. The faience beads used are full-sized, premium specimens, specially selected for their color and unbroken condition. The beads are mounted onto high quality 14kt gold fill french hooks – not gold plated – rather high quality 14kt gold fill. This is first-quality jewelry designed to last years and years, not cheap costume jewelry. If you prefer, we could remount the faience beads onto sterling silver french hooks.

CONSTRUCTION: Faience, a primitive form of ceramic, was the ancient forerunner of modern glass, and was used by the Ancient Egyptians as far back as 3000 B.C. to fashion various amulets, beads, and other items of personal adornment. Most amulet/necklaces were both worn on a daily basis for protection, as well as buried with the dead to afford protection in the journey from this life to the next. Some bead necklaces were purely items of personal adornment, as these might have been so worn. Faience was produced by crushing quartz mixed with copper, and made into a paste. The paste was then placed in a mold, and then fired. The quartz would fuse, and the copper would give the resulting product a color with blue and/or green hues, which was favored by the ancient Egyptians as the color of the Nile River.

HISTORY: Evidence of human habitation in Egypt stretches backward at least 10,000 years in an area in the southwestern corner of Egypt near the border with Sudan. Though the area is very dry now, it once had grassy plains and temporary lakes that resulted from seasonal rains. At first nomadic, evidence suggests that by 6,000 B.C. the population was herding cattle and constructing large buildings. Sometime thereafter evidence suggests the climate became much more arid, and it is believed that these people migrated eastward and began Egyptian civilization in the Nile Valley. By 4,000 B.C. these populations had built settlements in Upper Egypt, at locations such as Hierakonpolis, Naqada, and Abydos. By 3,300 B.C. ancient Egypt could be characterized as one of the most advanced civilizations on the planet, and was without a doubt the longest-lived major civilization in the world’s history.

The Nile River, which formed the focus of ancient Egyptian civilization, originates in the highlands of East Africa and flows northward throughout the length of what are now Sudan and Egypt. Northwest of Cairo it branches out to form a broad delta, through which it empties into the Mediterranean Sea. Because of seasonal rains farther south in Africa, the Nile overflowed its banks in Egypt every year. When the floodwaters receded, a rich black soil covered the floodplain. This natural phenomenon and its effects on the environment enabled the ancient Egyptians to develop a successful economy based on agriculture. Other natural factors combined to give rise to a great civilization in the Nile region. In Egypt’s relatively cloudless sky the Sun almost always shone, consistently providing heat and light. The Nile served as a water highway for the people, a constant source of life-giving water, and the sustainer of all plants and animals. In addition, natural barriers provided good protection from other peoples. The desert to the west, the seas to the north and east, and the Nile’s rapids, or cataracts, to the south prevented frequent hostile attacks.

In this setting a sophisticated and creative society came into being. That society was the only one in the area to endure for thousands of years. Each of its rivals rose to power but ultimately faded from importance. It was in this land that two of the Seven Wonders of the World were found; the pyramids at Giza and the lighthouse at Alexandria. The ancient Egyptians produced a vast body of written records, including ethical and moralistic treatises, instructional texts, religious and magical scrolls, evocative love poetry, epic stories, and ribald tales. They possessed a sophisticated understanding of mathematics and the principles of architecture, enabling them to introduce to the world large stone buildings before 2500 BC. Their enduring images—sculpted, painted, and drawn—captivate viewers even today. Their earliest script, now known as hieroglyphs, began as a type of picture writing in which the symbols took the form of recognizable images. They originated many basic concepts in arithmetic and geometry, as well as the study of medicine and dentistry. They devised a calendar on the basis of their observations of the Sun and the stars.

Egypt also developed one of the first religions to have a concept of the afterlife. No culture before or since paid as much attention to preparations for what was to come after death. Both royalty and private individuals built, decorated, and furnished tombs, which the ancient Egyptians understood to represent their eternal existence. Great pyramids, elaborately decorated underground burial chambers, sprawling temple complexes, and statues combining human and animal forms are only a few of the many remnants that survive from ancient Egypt. These relics of a world disappeared raised numerous questions during the centuries after the civilization died out and still fascinate people today. Much remains yet to be learned. Scholars still debate, for instance, whether writing first emerged in ancient Egypt or Mesopotamia. And while written documents attest to at least 3,000 years of ancient Egyptian civilization, archaeological evidence suggests a much longer span.

The antiquities offered were originally part of a collection accumulated throughout most of the twentieth century. The Roman artifacts were found principally in Romania (literally "land of the Romans"), Bulgaria, Libya and Syria. The Sumerian artifacts were unearthed in both Turkey and Syria, which along with Iraq and Iran constituted the majority of the sites of the ancient Sumerian civilizations. The Egyptian antiquities were part of a collection amassed in the mid-1960's, at the height of Soviet influence in Egypt. As well, additional specimens are occasionally acquired from other institutions and dealers in Eastern Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean.

SHIPPING: These antiquities come from a number of collections which by and large originated here in Eastern Europe. As well, additional specimens are occasionally acquired from other institutions and dealers, principally in Eastern Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean. All of these artifacts are now in the United States and are available for immediate delivery via U.S. Mail. All purchases are backed by an unlimited guarantee of satisfaction and authenticity. If for any reason you are not entirely satisfied with your purchase, you may return it for a complete and immediate refund of your entire purchase price. A certificate of authenticity (COA) is available upon request.

Our order fulfillment center near Seattle, Washington will ship your purchase within one business day of receipt of your personal check or money order. If you wish to pay electronically, we accept both PayPal and BidPay. However we ask that you PLEASE WAIT before remitting until we have mutually agreed upon method of shipment and shipping charges and you understand our PayPal limitations and policies (stated here). We will ship within one business day of our receipt of your electronic remittance.

A certificate of authenticity (COA) is available upon request. We prefer your personal check or money order over any other form of payment - and we will ship immediately upon receipt of your check (no "holds"). Please see our "ADDITIONAL TERMS OF SALE."