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Exquisite 18thC Mysore India 21kt Gold Fanam Earrings $199.99


For Customers outside of USA

Two 18th Century Indian Coins, 21kt Gold Fanams from Mysore. Mounted into contemporary high quality 14kt gold fill French hooks.

CLASSIFICATION: Circulated Gold Coins, India, Late 18th century. Struck During the Reign of the Last Great Moghul Emperor, Tippu Sultan, the "Tiger of Mysore" who Terrorized the British Army.

ATTRIBUTION: Mysore, India, mid 18th century.

SIZE/DIMENSIONS:

Diameter: Diameter: 5 1/2 x 6 millimeters.

Weight: Weight: 0.38 grams/0.38 grams.

CONDITION: Excellent, lightly circulated.

NOTE: 14kt solid gold settings and other setting styles (euro clicks, lever backs, kidney wires, ball/stud dangles) are available upon request.

DETAIL: These are two genuine gold fanams issued by Tippu Sultan, the "Tiger of Mysore" and last Great Moghul Emperor of the ancient Indian City-State of Mysore. Mysore, fabled home of one of India's greatest dynasties, was known as a center of great wealth, and minted a wide variety of coinage in precious metals. Some of the most collectible were the gold fanams of the 17th, 18th, and early 19th centuries, truly works of art. Averaging about 21kt gold (21/24th's pure gold), this specimen here is in rather good condition, only lightly circulated. Please note that the image here is a 500% enlargement. The size and weight of this specimen is indicated above.

The earring settings are of contemporary origin. They are high quality settings manufactured by one of the USA's leading semi-custom mount producers. They are constructed of 14kt gold fill. They are not cheap, gold electroplated earrings. They are of genuine 14kt gold fill, designed to last a lifetime. It's a first-class piece of jewelry throughout. We can reset into 14kt solid gold upon request, and there are also many other setting styles available upon request including euro clicks, lever backs, kidney wires, ball/stud dangles, etc.

The cities of Northern India's Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldest in the world, date back at least 5,000, probably 10,000 years. Aryan tribes from the northwest invaded about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier inhabitants created classical Indian culture. Arab incursions starting in the 8th century and Turkish in 12th were followed by European traders beginning in the late 15th century. Although the world's first coins were Greek coins made in Lydia about 640 BC, is seems clear that India and China both invented coins independently within a few centuries of the Lydians, although India officially insists that its first coinage (punch marked issues) were struck in the 8th century B.C. The earliest Indian coins were silver, and it was not until about 100 A.D. that the Kushans, influenced by the Romans, introduced the first Indian gold coin, which was a gold dinar bearing the image of Shiva.

Previously India's "unit of exchange" had been a full grown cow. Coinage presumably developed to make change, something of fractional value which was easier to carry in a pocket. The Suvarna, a gold coin similar to the Persian Daric and Greek Stater substituted the cow in value. Dinara was an Indian gold coin adopted from Roman Denarius. Silver and bronze metals served for lower value coinage. From the earliest times, the iconography of Northern India's coinage was influenced by other classical cultures including Roman, Greek/Hellenic, and even Alexandrian (Ptolemaic). From the very beginning classical Greek coinage circulated alongside India's earliest punched coinage. India's coinage gained many classical characteristics as a result of the influence of Northern India's Bactrian Greek and early Hellenistic Indo-Greek cultures. Also contributing to the iconography of Indian coin were the Indo-Persian Scythians, Parthians, and Sassianians.

Many Indian states issued small gold coins called Fanams from about the 12th century A.D. onward, peaking in production between about 1700 and 1830 A.D. The later examples, exquisite miniature gold works of art of the 18th and 19th centuries, were struck in various Indian states, where traders preferred gold over silver. Their designs originally had depicted goddesses, animals and artifacts, but were simplified over the centuries to semi-abstract forms. Fanams were the smallest gold coins issued by any of the Indian States. The first references to the fanam are found in Ceylon, in reference to 12th century coinage from the present day Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The most prolific issues of the fanam occurred in Ceylon; and in India, in Mysore and neighboring Cochin. Historically the most significant of these are from Mysore, the only princely kingdom to defy and defeat the fabled British Army during India's pre-colonial history.

The most prolific issues from the city-state of Mysore were those of Tipu Sultan and his father, Hyder Ali. Tipu Sultan, known as the "Tiger of Mysore", was the only Indian state to effectively resist British colonialization - twice defeating the much-vaunted British Army of the late 18th century - the army that conquered 50% of the world. But after losing two disastrous wars, and suffering tens of thousands of casualties to Tipu's much feared cavalry, in 1799 the British attacked with 43,000 soldiers and in a violation of several existing peace treaties, overwhelmed the fort of Srirangapatna in a surprise attack, where Tipu was shot to death trying to defend his kingdom.

SHIPPING: These antiquities come from a number of collections which by and large originated here in Eastern Europe. As well, additional specimens are occasionally acquired from other institutions and dealers, principally in Eastern Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean. All of these artifacts are now in the United States and are available for immediate delivery via U.S. Mail. All purchases are backed by an unlimited guarantee of satisfaction and authenticity. If for any reason you are not entirely satisfied with your purchase, you may return it for a complete and immediate refund of your entire purchase price. A certificate of authenticity (COA) is available upon request.

Our order fulfillment center near Seattle, Washington will ship your purchase within one business day of receipt of your personal check or money order. If you wish to pay electronically, we accept both PayPal and BidPay. However we ask that you PLEASE WAIT before remitting until we have mutually agreed upon method of shipment and shipping charges and you understand our PayPal limitations and policies (stated here). We will ship within one business day of our receipt of your electronic remittance.

A certificate of authenticity (COA) is available upon request. We prefer your personal check or money order over any other form of payment - and we will ship immediately upon receipt of your check (no "holds"). Please see our "ADDITIONAL TERMS OF SALE."