Ancient Neolithic Painted 2 Handle Clay Ewer/Pot 2000BC $149.99 - SOLD
Incredible, Amazing Genuine Ancient Neolithic Intact Painted Two-Handled Earthenware Ewer/Pot BC2000.
CLASSIFICATION: Painted Earthenware Ewer/Pot with Handles.
ATTRIBUTION: Pre-Dynastic Ancient China, about 2,000 B.C.
Diameter: 115 millimeters (4 5/8 inches) of bowl (excluding handles).
Thickness: 81 millimeters (3 1/4 inches) of bowl (excluding spout).
Length: 148 millimeters (5 7/8 inches) including spout and “tail”.
Width: 143 millimeters (5 3/4 inches) including ears.
Height: 110 millimeters (4 3/8 inches) including spout.
CONDITION: Very good! One handle reconstructed, one body chip, the normal potting blemishes associated with crude hand production; and assorted minor bumps and bruises consistent with burial since ancient times.
DETAIL: A splendid, magnificent, and rare painted earthenware pot/ewer. It’s generally accepted that this style of pot was in the shape of a tortoise, and the painting seems to reflect the same or a similar theme. The bowl of the pot/ewer, excluding the dimensions of the neck and handles, is the size of a very large grapefruit, or a small melon. It seems likely that this type of vessel was used to dispense liquids, and perhaps was used ceremonially. Overall this vessel is a remarkably good condition, the painted design almost entirely intact. The bowl was created approximately 4,000 years ago in pre-dynastic China. You can imagine that four millennia after being produced, most such vessels are recovered shattered into shards, and if it is possible to reconstruct them at all, it is only a partial reconstruction. This specimen was recovered in one piece. As you can see, one of the handles was broken off and it was reconstructed. And there is also a large chip in the body near the “tail”. Notwithstanding this chip and the missing/reconstructed handle, it is otherwise completely intact except for the very light little blemishes which are obligatory after spending four millennia buried.
Notwithstanding these blemishes it has emerged from the soil in wonderful condition! There are a few minor scuffs, marks, dings, etc. – all very small. Of course these are all blemished you would expect to find of a household artifact which was used in ancient times and then buried for four thousand years. As well there are the normal blemishes (warts, dimples, pimples and pits) one expects with earthenware crudely fashioned by hand. It’s not perfect, but it is about as close to perfect as you will ordinarily find of an authentic, 4,000 year old large-sized painted earthenware bowl like this. Realistically one would expect some dings after being buried for four thousand years, so there are no surprises here except that by and large the artifact remains relatively intact. Overall it is a very handsome piece, fairly rare, and relatively well preserved specimen of the ancient Chinese art of pottery. If you’d like an authentic ancient painted earthenware vase/pot to proudly display, you could not go wrong with this one. It is solidly shaped, nicely featured, and nicely proportioned. You could display this one with great pride either at work on your desk or at home. Whether at home or at work, it will certainly generate curiosity and perhaps even a little envy!
HISTORY: The Xia (Hsia) Dynasty was the first recorded dynasty, and is dated roughly from 2200 B.C. to 1700 B.C. Until scientific excavations were made at early bronze-age sites at Anyang in Henan Province, in 1928, it was difficult to separate myth from reality in regard to the Xia. In fact conventional wisdom at the time held that the Xia Dynasty was imaginary. But since then, and especially in the 1960s and 1970s, archaeologists have uncovered urban sites, bronze implements, and tombs that point to the existence of Xia civilization in the same locations cited in ancient Chinese historical texts. The Xia period marked an evolutionary stage between the Late Neolithic cultures and the typical Chinese urban civilization of the Shang dynasty. The rulers of the period held power for five centuries before (reportedly) becoming corrupt, and subsequently overthrown by the Shang Dynasty.
The first Chinese ceramics archaeologists have found date back more than 10,000 years. These were earthenware, which means they were made from clay and fired at the kind of low temperatures reached by a wood fire or simple oven. In China, most ceramics made before the Tang dynasty (600 A.D.) are earthenware. They may be glazed or unglazed, and are occasionally painted, often brightly colored. Stoneware ceramics are harder and less porous than earthenware and are fired at hotter temperatures—between 2100°F and 2400°F. At these high temperatures, the surface of the clay melts and becomes glassy. Although stoneware is usually waterproof, most stoneware ceramics are glazed for decoration. The glazes often contain ash, which allows the glaze to harden at stoneware temperatures.
During the Shang Dynasty (1600-1100 B.C.) bronze metallurgy superceded ceramics as the favored art form of the ruling class. However both the ceramic and the bronze industries evolved into complex systems of production that were supported by the aristocracy. Decorative designs rich in symbolism were created first in bronze were then imitated in clay. Chinese burial customs included the tradition of placing clay replicas of material possessions, animals and people in the tomb to accompany the deceased and serve them in the next life. Although archaeological finds have revealed that glazed pottery was produced as early as 1100 B.C. during the Zhou dynasty, the production of glazed wares was not common until about 200 B.C. during the Han Dynasty. However from about 1000 B.C. onwards during the Shang and Zhou dynasties, primitive porcelain wares emerged. Real porcelain wares appeared in the Han dynasty around 200 A.D. In the process of porcelain development, different styles in different periods blossomed.
The production of porcelain became widespread by about 500 A.D. Using a special clay with ground rock containing feldspar, a glassy mineral, the material was fired at very high temperatures above 2400°F. The surface of the clay melts at such high temperatures and becomes smooth as glass. Early porcelains were undecorated and were used by the Imperial court and exported as far as the Middle East. For instance during the Han Dynasty principally celadon (green) and black porcelain were mainly produced. The famous blue and white porcelain was created with blue paint made from cobalt and then covered with a clear glaze, which can withstand the high temperatures of the kiln. The technical and creative innovations of Chinese potters are unique accomplishments in the cultural heritage of the world. Today, archaeological excavation and research in China are revealing new sites and new examples of the genius of the Chinese potter.
Remains of Homo erectus, found near Beijing, have been dated back 460,000 years. Recent archaeological studies in the Yangtse River area have provided evidence of ancient cultures (and rice cultivation) flourishing more than 11,500 years ago, contrary to the conventional belief that the Yellow River area was the cradle of the Chinese civilization. The Neolithic period flourished with a multiplicity of cultures in different regions dating back to around 5000 B.C. There is strong evidence of two so-called pottery cultures, the Yang-shao culture (3950-1700 B.C.) and the Lung-shan culture (2000-1850 B.C). Written records go back more than 3,500 years, and the written history is (as is the case with Ancient Egypt) divided into dynasties, families of kings or emperors. The voluminous records kept by the ancient Chinese provide us with knowledge into their strong sense of their real and mythological origins – as well as of their neighbors.
By about 2500 B.C. the Chinese knew how to cultivate and weave silk and were trading the luxurious fabric with other nations by about 1000 B.C. The production and value of silk tell much about the advanced state of early Chinese civilization. Cultivation of silkworms required mulberry tree orchards, temperature controls and periodic feedings around the clock. More than 2,000 silkworms were required to produce one pound of silk. The Chinese also mastered spinning, dyeing and weaving silk threads into fabric. Bodies were buried with food containers and other possessions, presumably to assist the smooth passage of the dead to the next world. The relative success of ancient China can be attributed to the superiority of their ideographic written language, their technology, and their political institutions; the refinement of their artistic and intellectual creativity; and the sheer weight of their numbers.
A recurrent historical theme has been the unceasing struggle of the sedentary Chinese against the threats posed by non-Chinese peoples on the margins of their territory in the north, northeast, and northwest. China saw itself surrounded on all sides by so-called barbarian peoples whose cultures were demonstrably inferior by Chinese standards. This China-centered ("sinocentric") view of the world was still undisturbed in the nineteenth century, at the time of the first serious confrontation with the West. Of course the ancient Chinese showed a remarkable ability to absorb the people of surrounding areas into their own civilization. The process of assimilation continued over the centuries through conquest and colonization until what is now known as China Proper was brought under unified rule.
A certificate of authenticity (COA) is available upon request. Artifacts are mailed from the USA. Due to its fragile nature this particular piece is only shipped in an oversized box with lots of Styrofoam peanuts. The cost for shipping this item includes delivery confirmation (you can track your shipment on-line at the USPS Web Site). Additional items shipped together do result in a discount. The shipping weight of this item is 2 pounds. Various rates for shipping both domestically and internationally may be viewed here. A wide variety of cost-effective methods are available including surface mail, air mail, and expedited mail.