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HUGE Genuine Neolithic Painted Tripod Censer/Pot 2000BC $499.99 - SOLD

HUGE!!! Well Preserved Genuine Ancient Neolithic Painted Earthenware (Terra Cotta) Painted Censer/Pot BC2000.

CLASSIFICATION: Neolithic Painted Earthenware Tripod Pot.

ATTRIBUTION: Pre-Dynastic Ancient China, about 2,000 B.C.


Height: 249 millimeters (10 inches)

Diameter: 256 millimeters (10 1/4 inches) at bowl; 174 millimeters (7 inches) at top lip.

Notes: Artificial foliage shown is available upon request.

CONDITION: Very good. Two of three legs reattached. One medium sized rim chip reattached. Assorted abrasions, and scuffs consistent with primitive hand construction and wear due to ancient usage and then burial since ancient times. As well there are the normal blemishes (warts, dimples, pimples and pits) one expects with ancient hand crafted earthenware vessels.

DETAIL: A splendid, very, very large and well preserved earthenware tripod censer/pot jar from the late third or early second millennium B.C. It’s a very large piece, nearly the size of a basketball. As you can see, when produced it featured painted circumferential accent lines – of which there are clear, easily discernible, and substantial pigment remnants, though they are especially evident from the shoulder upwards. The vessel is (remarkable enough) complete with three stubby legs. Though it may be referred to at its simplest as a legged “pot”, it is quite likely that it was intended as a censer. This type of vessel was generally used for smoldering twigs of aromatic woods, a primitive form of “incense”. They were oftentimes funerary items, entombed (presumably still emitting fragrant plumes of aromatic smoke) with the deceased. What’s really remarkable is that it is about 4,000 years old and is still by and large intact.

You can imagine that after about 4,000 years of burial, large terra cotta vessels such as this are rarely recovered intact. This wonderful and rare example of a Neolithic painted censer, unlike most such pieces which are reduced to shattered shards, came to us almost entirely intact. It sat undisturbed in a tomb for four millennia, and emerged with relatively little damage. Of course there are the obligatory and expected minor scuffs, bumps, and abrasions, and a little water spot staining and soil adhesions - all evidence of a lifespan of forty centuries spent buried. When it was unearthed two of the three legs had been broken off. Fortunately the legs were recovered, and reattaching them was relatively straightforward and cleanly performed. There was one large rim chip, probably struck at one time or another by a small stone. Again, the chip was recovered and reattached to the rim of the vessel. Though the damage is discernible, at least the pot is complete, albeit repaired. There’s a one inch scratch in the bowl which certainly appears to have been done when the vessel was wet – an ancient potting blemish.

There are of course more of the normal potting blemishes (warts and dimples, zits and pits) one expects with earthenware crudely fashioned by hand. Notwithstanding these blemishes (entirely normal for a vase 4,000 years old), it has emerged from the soil in wonderful condition! It’s not flawless or perfect, but it is complete, and that is the exception for such ancient earthenware artifacts, certainly not the norm. Of course realistically one would expect some blemishes after the ordeal of being entombed for a millennium, and there are no surprises here except that there are so few blemishes. Perfect it unfortunately is not – but then were it perfect, it would be in a museum and not for sale at any price. The repaired legs are not easily discerned, and the repairs have no detrimental effect on the integrity of the statuette. The repaired chip is a little easier to see, but filled with dried flowers or a floral arrangement, with that little rim blemish turned away from the viewer, it would be almost entirely imperceptible.

Overall the censer/pot is in very good condition and is a highly collectible piece of ancient Chinese funerary art. It is a very nice, large, impressive, and very handsome painted pot. Constructed of fired (baked) terra cotta, a remarkable amount of the original paint remains. If you are the kind of person who would appreciate an authentic ancient painted pot like this, a magnificent example of ancient art, you could not go wrong with this one. It is solidly shaped, nicely featured, and nicely proportioned. You could display this one with great pride either at work on your desk or at home. Whether at home or at work, it will certainly generate curiosity and perhaps even a little envy! We can even include the foliage shown so the piece is ready for display or gift giving right out of the box!

HISTORY: The Xia (Hsia) Dynasty was the first recorded dynasty, and is dated roughly from 2200 B.C. to 1700 B.C. Until scientific excavations were made at early bronze-age sites at Anyang in Henan Province, in 1928, it was difficult to separate myth from reality in regard to the Xia. In fact conventional wisdom at the time held that the Xia Dynasty was imaginary. But since then, and especially in the 1960s and 1970s, archaeologists have uncovered urban sites, bronze implements, and tombs that point to the existence of Xia civilization in the same locations cited in ancient Chinese historical texts. The Xia period marked an evolutionary stage between the late neolithic cultures and the typical Chinese urban civilization of the Shang dynasty. The rulers of the period held power for five centuries before (reportedly) becoming corrupt, and subsequently overthrown by the Shang Dynasty.

The first Chinese ceramics archaeologists have found date back more than 10,000 years. These were earthenware, which means they were made from clay and fired at the kind of low temperatures reached by a wood fire or simple oven. In China, most ceramics made before the Tang dynasty (600 A.D.) are earthenware. They may be glazed or unglazed, and are occasionally painted, often brightly colored. Stoneware ceramics are harder and less porous than earthenware and are fired at hotter temperatures—between 2100°F and 2400°F. At these high temperatures, the surface of the clay melts and becomes glassy. Although stoneware is usually waterproof, most stoneware ceramics are glazed for decoration. The glazes often contain ash, which allows the glaze to harden at stoneware temperatures.

During the Shang Dynasty (1600-1100 B.C.) bronze metallurgy superceded ceramics as the favored art form of the ruling class. However both the ceramic and the bronze industries evolved into complex systems of production that were supported by the aristocracy. Decorative designs rich in symbolism were created first in bronze were then imitated in clay. Chinese burial customs included the tradition of placing clay replicas of material possessions, animals and people in the tomb to accompany the deceased and serve them in the next life. Although archaeological finds have revealed that glazed pottery was produced as early as 1100 B.C. during the Zhou dynasty, the production of glazed wares was not common until about 200 B.C. during the Han Dynasty. However from about 1000 B.C. onwards during the Shang and Zhou dynasties, primitive porcelain wares emerged. Real porcelain wares appeared in the Han dynasty around 200 A.D. In the process of porcelain development, different styles in different periods blossomed.

The production of porcelain became widespread by about 500 A.D. Using a special clay with ground rock containing feldspar, a glassy mineral, the material was fired at very high temperatures above 2400°F. The surface of the clay melts at such high temperatures and becomes smooth as glass. Early porcelains were undecorated and were used by the Imperial court and exported as far as the Middle East. For instance during the Han Dynasty principally celadon (green) and black porcelain were mainly produced. The famous blue and white porcelain was created with blue paint made from cobalt and then covered with a clear glaze, which can withstand the high temperatures of the kiln. The technical and creative innovations of Chinese potters are unique accomplishments in the cultural heritage of the world. Today, archaeological excavation and research in China are revealing new sites and new examples of the genius of the Chinese potter.

Remains of Homo erectus, found near Beijing, have been dated back 460,000 years. Recent archaeological studies in the Yangtse River area have provided evidence of ancient cultures (and rice cultivation) flourishing more than 11,500 years ago, contrary to the conventional belief that the Yellow River area was the cradle of the Chinese civilization. The Neolithic period flourished with a multiplicity of cultures in different regions dating back to around 5000 B.C. There is strong evidence of two so-called pottery cultures, the Yang-shao culture (3950-1700 B.C.) and the Lung-shan culture (2000-1850 B.C). Written records go back more than 3,500 years, and the written history is (as is the case with Ancient Egypt) divided into dynasties, families of kings or emperors. The voluminous records kept by the ancient Chinese provide us with knowledge into their strong sense of their real and mythological origins – as well as of their neighbors.

By about 2500 B.C. the Chinese knew how to cultivate and weave silk and were trading the luxurious fabric with other nations by about 1000 B.C. The production and value of silk tell much about the advanced state of early Chinese civilization. Cultivation of silkworms required mulberry tree orchards, temperature controls and periodic feedings around the clock. More than 2,000 silkworms were required to produce one pound of silk. The Chinese also mastered spinning, dyeing and weaving silk threads into fabric. Bodies were buried with food containers and other possessions, presumably to assist the smooth passage of the dead to the next world. The relative success of ancient China can be attributed to the superiority of their ideographic written language, their technology, and their political institutions; the refinement of their artistic and intellectual creativity; and the sheer weight of their numbers.

A recurrent historical theme has been the unceasing struggle of the sedentary Chinese against the threats posed by non-Chinese peoples on the margins of their territory in the north, northeast, and northwest. China saw itself surrounded on all sides by so-called barbarian peoples whose cultures were demonstrably inferior by Chinese standards. This China-centered ("sinocentric") view of the world was still undisturbed in the nineteenth century, at the time of the first serious confrontation with the West. Of course the ancient Chinese showed a remarkable ability to absorb the people of surrounding areas into their own civilization. The process of assimilation continued over the centuries through conquest and colonization until what is now known as China Proper was brought under unified rule.

A certificate of authenticity (COA) is available upon request. Artifacts are mailed from the USA. Due to its fragile nature this particular piece is only shipped in an oversized box with lots of Styrofoam peanuts. The cost for shipping this item includes delivery confirmation (you can track your shipment on-line at the USPS Web Site). Additional items shipped together do result in a discount. The shipping weight of this item is 10 pounds. Various rates for shipping both domestically and internationally may be viewed here. A wide variety of cost-effective methods are available including surface mail, air mail, and expedited mail.